Ion beam materials modification

Ion beams have been for the past decades used routinely to modify and study the structure and properties of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Making use of different ion-target interactions, either by nuclear collisions or electronic excitations, ion beams are used to introduce dopants and defects, create nano-patterns, grow layered structures, and conduct degradation studies.

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RADIATE ES CMAM More details
FR GANIL More details
DE IBC More details
PT IBL More details
BE IMBL More details
CH LIP More details
CZ LT More details
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SE Tandem Laboratory More details